Checklist: Nations and Their Capital Cities in Africa [2023]

Look rigorously at any map of Africa and you’ll discover that there are 54 impartial nations in Africa. Proceed studying to find a listing of those nations and their capital cities in Africa in alphabetical order. I’ve additionally included the scale, quantity or inhabitants, elevation, language, and different attention-grabbing information about these African capital cities. 

Cities Africa capitals and countries list

Despite the fact that there are 54 African nations, the variety of capitals of Africa whole 58. That’s as a result of a handful of nations have a couple of capital metropolis. These embody South Africa with 3 capital cities, and Eswatini and Burundi with 2 capital cities every. 

Main capitals of Africa embody Cairo, Cape City, Abuja, Dakar Nairobi. Accra, Kinshasa, Addis Ababa, Rabat, and Luanda. Alexandria in Egypt, based round 331 BC, is among the many earliest identified cities of Africa.

The most important metropolis in Africa is Lagos with over 20 million inhabitants whereas Kinshasa is the most important African metropolis by land space. The least populated African metropolis is Maseru whereas the smallest capital de Africa is Seychelles’ Victoria.

What’s the capital of Africa? Africa is a continent, not a single nation. Which means there is no such thing as a one particular African capital.

Fairly, these African nations and their capitals are listed in alphabetical order under.

Hold studying to search out all capital cities of African nations.

>> For those who’re as fascinated with Africa as a lot as I’m…
make sure you try a few of these different posts:

African capital city cape town

African capital cities ⇩

Table of Contents

Checklist of African Nations and Capitals in Alphabetical Order

Okay, let’s get into it. Try the whole record of the nations and their capitals of Africa in alphabetical order under.

First up…

1. ALGERIA | Capital: Algiers

Algiers information:

Inhabitants: 7 896 923
Space: 363 km²
Elevation: 424 m
Forex: Algerian dinar (DZD, دج)
Language: Arabic, Tamazight (Berber)

Do you know: Algeria, encompassing an space of two,382 million km² (919,595 sq mi), is the greatest nation in Africa and the tenth largest nation on the earth. Situated in North Africa, the Sahara Desert covers nearly 90% of the nation.

2. ANGOLA | Capital: Luanda

Luanda information:

Inhabitants: 2,776,168
Space: 113 km²
Elevation: 6 m
Forex: Angolan kwanza (Kz)
Language: Portuguese

Do you know: Angola, regardless of being wealthy in pure assets of oil, diamonds, and agricultural land, stays very poor on account of a bloody civil battle that came about between 1975 and 2002. The smallest metropolis in Africa is Pólo in Angola, with a inhabitants of simply over 4,000 and overlaying an space of simply 1 km2.

3. BENIN | Capital: Porto-Novo

Porto-Novo information:

Inhabitants: 234,168
Space: 110 km²
Elevation: 38 m
Forex: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Language: French

Do you know:
The official capital is Porto-Novo, however Cotonou is Benin’s largest metropolis, its chief port, and its de facto administrative capital.

4. BOTSWANA | Capital: Gabarone

Gabarone information:

Inhabitants: 232,000
Space: 169 km²
Elevation: 1,014 m
Forex: Botswana pula
Language: English, Setswana

Do you know: Africa’s oldest steady democracy, Botswana, is the most important diamond producing nation on the earth.

5. BURKINA FASO | Capital: Ouagadougou

Ouagadougou information:

Inhabitants: 3,056,000
Space: 520 km²
Elevation: 305 m
Forex: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Language: French

Do you know: The primary individuals to settle in Burkina Faso had been the Mossi individuals within the eleventh and thirteenth century who established highly effective kingdoms such because the Yatenga, Ouagadougou, and Tenkodogo.

6. BURUNDI | Capital: Gitega

Gitega is the political capital
Bujumbura is the financial capital

Gitega information:

Inhabitants: 24,932
Space: 22 km²
Elevation: 1,504 m
Forex: Burundi Franc (BIF)
Language: Kirundi, French, English

Do you know: In March 2007, President of Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza introduced that Burundi was planning to convey again its capital metropolis to Gitega, saying that it’s in a greater location for a capital than Bujumbura.

Cities of Africa capitals Nairobi

Proceed studying to find extra African cities. Subsequent up is:

7. CAMEROON | Capital: Yaoundé

Yaoundé information:

Inhabitants: 4,337,000
Space: 180 km²
Elevation: 726 m
Forex: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Language: French, English

Do you know: Cameroon is commonly often called “Africa in miniature” due to its geographical and cultural range.

8. CAPE VERDE | Capital: Praia

Praia information:

Inhabitants: 113,409
Space: 102,6 km² (39.6 sq mi)
Elevation: 0.9 m
Forex: Cape Verdean escudo (CVE)
Language: Portuguese

Do you know: Independence Day is noticed on July fifth annually commemorating the nation’s independence from Portugal.


Bangui information:

Inhabitants: 933,000
Space: 67 km²
Elevation: 369 m
Forex: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Language: Sango, French

Do you know: Regardless of its vital mineral deposits and assets that embody gold, crude oil, uranium, diamonds, cobalt, and lumber, the Central African Republic has one of many world’s poorest populations.

10. CHAD | Capital: N’Djamena

N’Djamena information:

Inhabitants: 1,533,000
Space: 104 km²
Elevation: 298 m
Forex: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Language: French, Arabic

Do you know: The flags of Chad and Romania are an identical with each flags having the blue, yellow and purple stripes. Flag consultants, nevertheless, say that Chad’s blue is deeper than the Romanian blue.

>> Talking of flags, try what number of flags from Africa make it onto this record of
probably the most lovely flags on the earth.

11. COMORES | Capital: Moroni

Moroni information:

Inhabitants: 48,543
Space: 30 km²
Elevation: 29 m
Forex: Comorian franc (KMF)
Language: Comorian, French, Arabic

Do you know: Varied teams have inhabited the Comoros archipelago going way back to 800-1000 AD. This tropical island nation in Africa was colonised by France within the nineteenth century and have become impartial in 1975.


Kinshasa information:

Inhabitants: 15,628,000
Space: 9 965 km²
Elevation: 240 m
Forex: Congolese franc (CDF)
Language: French

Do you know: With an space of two.34 million km2, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is without doubt one of the largest nations in Africa with individuals from over 200 ethnic teams and nearly 250 languages. Kinshasa is without doubt one of the largest cities in Africa.

capital city Africa Cairo

13. REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO | Capital: Brazzaville

Brazzaville information:

Inhabitants: 2,552,813
Space: 263,9 km²
Elevation: 320 m
Forex: Congolese franc (CDF)
Language: French

Do you know: The Congo River is the deepest river on the earth with a depth of 220 m (720 ft) in elements.

14. DJIBOUTI | Capital: Djibouti

Djibouti information:

Inhabitants: 1,012,950
Space: 630 km²
Elevation: 14 m
Forex: Djiboutian franc (DJF)
Language: French, Arabic

Do you know: Djibouti is residence to one of many saltiest our bodies of water on the earth. Lake Assal, within the Danakil Desert, lies 155 m (509 ft) under sea stage within the Afar Triangle, making it the bottom level on the continent of Africa.

15. EGYPT | Capital: Cairo

Cairo information:

Inhabitants: 22,183,200
Space: 3 085 km²
Elevation: 23 m
Forex: Egyptian pound (EGP)
Language: Trendy Customary Arabic

Do you know: Egypt is residence to one of many world’s earliest and most important civilizations, going all the best way again to round 3,200 B.C. It is usually residence to some wonderful Egyptian meals. With a inhabitants of greater than 22 million, Cairo is without doubt one of the largest cities in Africa.

16. EQUATORIAL GUINEA | Capital: Malabo

Malabo information:

Inhabitants: 155,963
Space: 21 km²
Elevation: 0 m
Forex: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Language: Spanish, Portuguese, French

Do you know: The primary inhabitants of the area that’s now known as Equatorial Guinea are believed to have been Pygmies. At present solely remoted pockets stay in northern Río Muni. 

17. ERITREA | Capital: Asmara

Asmara information:

Inhabitants: 1,035,000
Space: 45 km²
Elevation: 2,325 m
Forex: Eritrean nakfa (ERN)
Language: Tigrinya, Tigre, Customary Arabic

Do you know: The variety of archeological websites and historic locations in Eritrea exceeds 80,000 and the nation has one of many highest archeological discoveries in Africa.

18. ESWATINI | Capital: Mbabane

Mbabane is the executive capital.
Lobamba is the legislative and royal capital

Mbabane information:

Inhabitants: 62,630
Space: 81,76 km²
Elevation: 1,245 m
Forex: Swazi lilangeni (SZL)
Language: Swati, English

Do you know: Eswatini is the final remaining absolute monarchy in Africa and one of many few left on the earth. This type of authorities, dominated by King Mswati III, offers a monarch supreme reign.

>> Talking of languages,
that is the way you say whats up in Africa and I really like you in African languages

African capitals cities Lagos

19. ETHIOPIA | Capital: Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa information:

Inhabitants: 5,228,000
Space: 527 km²
Elevation: 2,355 m
Forex: Ethiopian birr (ETB)
Language: Afar, ‎Amharic‎, ‎Oromo‎, ‎Somali‎, ‎Tigrinya

Do you know: Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest nation and is the one African nation that evaded colonial rule.

20. GABON | Capital: Libreville

Libreville information:

Inhabitants: 857,000
Space: 258 km²
Elevation: 2 m
Forex: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Language: French

Do you know: Nearly 90% of Gabon is roofed with rainforest and the nation accommodates a couple of quarter of Africa’s whole fauna in these rainforests alone.

21. THE GAMBIA | Capital: Banjul

Banjul information:

Inhabitants: 470,000
Space: 12 km²
Elevation: 3 m
Forex: Gambian dalasi (GMD)
Language: English

Do you know: Of all of the nations from Africa discovered on the mainland, The Gambia is the smallest, measuring lower than 30 miles vast at its widest.

22. GHANA | Capital: Accra

Accra information:

Inhabitants: 2,605,000
Space: 225,7 km²
Elevation: 61 m
Forex: Ghanaian cedi (GHS)
Language: English

Do you know: Ghana, previously often called the Gold Coast, grew to become the primary self-governing nation on Africa in 1957, underneath president Kwame Nkrumah.

23. GUINEA | Capital: Conakry

Conakry information:

Inhabitants: 2,049,000
Space: 450 km²
Elevation: 2 m
Forex: Guinean franc (GNF)
Language: French

Do you know: Guinea is richly endowed with minerals, possessing the most important deposits of bauxite and iron ore on the earth. This African nation can also be a gold and diamond producer.

24. GUINEA-BISSAU | Capital: Bissau

Bissau information:

Inhabitants: 642,564
Space: 77 km²
Elevation: 8 m
Forex: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Language: Portuguese

Do you know: Guinea-Bissau was as soon as a part of the dominion of Gabu from the Mali Empire till the nineteenth century when it grew to become a colony of Portugal.

African capitals Antananarivo

25. IVORY COAST | Capital: Yamoussoukro

Yamoussoukro information:

Inhabitants: 194,530
Space: 3 496 km²
Elevation: 214 m
Forex: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Language: French

Do you know: Ivory Coast is the world’s main producer of cocoa beans, supplying nearly a 3rd of the world’s whole.

26. KENYA | Capital: Nairobi

Nairobi information:

Inhabitants: 5,119,000
Space:  696 km²
Elevation: 1,795 m
Forex: Kenyan shilling (KES)
Language: Swahili, English

Do you know: Kenya was a part of the British Empire in Africa from 1920 to 1963. The nation gained independence from Britain on the 12th December 1963, and this date now represents Jamhuri Day, the nation’s Nationwide Day. Nairobi is without doubt one of the greatest cities for digital nomads in Africa.

27. LESOTHO | Capital: Maseru

Maseru information:

Inhabitants: 118,355
Space: 138 km²
Elevation: 1,600 m
Forex: Lesotho loti
Language: Sesotho; ‎English

Do you know: Lesotho is named Africa’s “Kingdom within the sky,” as 80% of this excessive altitude Africa nation lies above 1800 m. The nation’s lowest level is at 1,400 metres (4,593 ft), the best lowest level of any nation. Maseru is the least populous capital metropolis in Africa.

We’re midway by means of this record of nations of Africa and their capitals. Let’s check out:

28. LIBERIA | Capital: Monrovia

Monrovia information:

Inhabitants: 1,623,000
Space: 194,2 km²
Elevation: 8 m
Forex: Liberian greenback (LRD)
Language: English

Do you know: Liberia is Africa’s oldest republic and was established in 1821 on land acquired for freed U.S. slaves by the American Colonization Society.

29. LIBYA | Capital: Tripoli

Tripoli information:

Inhabitants: 1,176,000
Space: 1 507 km²
Elevation: 80 m
Forex: Libyan dinar (LYD)
Language: Arabic

Do you know: Whereas 90% of the nation is positioned throughout the intensive Sahara desert, Libya is the nation in Africa with the most important confirmed oil reserves.

30. MADAGASCAR | Capital: Antananarivo

Antananarivo information:

Inhabitants: 3,700,000
Space: 85,01 km²
Elevation: 1,275 m
Forex: Malagasy ariary (MGA)
Language: Malagasy; French

Do you know: Madagascar is the fourth largest island on the earth. It’s residence to among the world’s most unusual wildlife, with most of Madagascar’s wildlife discovered nowhere else on Earth.

Capital city Africa Dar es Salam

31. MALAWI | Capital: Lilongwe

Lilongwe information:

Inhabitants: 1,276,316
Space: 727,8 km²
Elevation: 1,050 m
Forex: Malawian kwacha (MWK)
Language: English; ‎Chewa

Do you know: Despite the fact that Malawi is landlocked, a fifth of the nation is water. Lake Malawi accommodates the most important variety of fish species of any lake on the earth.

32. MALI | Capital: Bamako

Bamako information:

Inhabitants: 2,817,000
Space: 245 km²
Elevation: 330 m
Forex: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Language: French, Bambara

Do you know: Mali was as soon as one of many richest nations on the earth. The nation was a part of the three west-African Empire that managed the Trans-Saharan commerce.

33. MAURITANIA | Capital: Nouakchott

Nouakchott information:

Inhabitants: 1,431,539
Space: 1 036 km²
Elevation: 7 m
Forex: Mauritanian ouguiya (MRU)
Language: Arabic

Do you know: Mauritania is the final nation to abolish slavery in 1981. Nonetheless, the nation nonetheless has the most important variety of slaves of anyplace on the earth.

34. MAURITIUS | Capital: Port Louis

Port Louis information:

Inhabitants: 156,720
Space: 46,7 km²
Elevation: 19 m
Forex: Mauritian rupee (MUR)
Language: English; French

Do you know: Of all of the nations from Africa, Mauritius has the best inhabitants density, with over 1.2 million individuals dwelling right here. This small African island nation at present holds the title as the most secure African nation.

35. MOROCCO | Capital: Rabat

Rabat information:

Inhabitants: 1,931,930
Space: 117 km²
Elevation: 11 m
Forex: Moroccan dirham (MAD)
Language: Arabic, Customary Moroccan Berber

Do you know: The realm of what’s now referred to as Morocco has been inhabited since a minimum of Paleolithic occasions, starting between 190,000 and 90,000 BC.

36. MOZAMBIQUE | Capital: Maputo

Maputo information:

Inhabitants: 1,138,960
Space: 347,7 km²
Elevation: 47 m
Forex: Mozambican metical (MZN)
Language: Portuguese

Do you know: Dia da Independência Nacional, Independence Day, is a nationwide vacation celebrated on June twenty fifth, commemorating Mozambique’s independence from Portugal on June twenty fifth 1975.

Capitals of African countries

37. NAMIBIA | Capital: Windhoek

Windhoek information:

Inhabitants: 461,123
Space: 5 133 km²
Elevation: 1,655 m
Forex: Namibian greenback (NAD)
Language: English, German, Afrikaans

Do you know: Namibia, the world’s second least densely populated nation, is residence to the oldest desert on the earth. The Namib desert is 80 million years previous.

38. NIGER | Capital: Niamey

Niamey information:

Inhabitants: 1,383,909
Space: 239,3 km²
Elevation: 207 m
Forex: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Language: French, Hausa

Do you know: Situated throughout among the hottest factors of the Sahara, Niger is taken into account one of many hottest nations on the earth and is aptly nicknamed the “Frying Pan of the World.”

39. NIGERIA | Capital: Abuja

Abuja information:

Inhabitants: 3,652,000
Space: 1 769 km²
Elevation: 355 m
Forex: Nigerian naira (NGN)
Language: English

Do you know: Nigeria, probably the most populous and wealthiest nation in Africa, was shaped in 1914 and gained independence from colonial rule in 1960.

40. RWANDA | Capital: Kigali

Kigali information:

Inhabitants: 1,208,296
Space: 730 km²
Elevation: 1,565 m
Forex: Rwandan franc (RWF)
Language: Kinyarwanda, French, English

Do you know: Also known as, “the Land of a thousand hills,” Rwanda is without doubt one of the most densely populated African nations. It additionally has the world’s highest proportion of ladies in parliament.

41. SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE | Capital: São Tomé

São Tomé information:

Inhabitants: 226,225
Space: 17 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation: 137 m
Forex: The dobra (STD)
Language: Portuguese

Do you know: The nation was based by Portuguese in 1470 who named the island Sao Tome after Saint Thomas as they arrived right here on Saint Thomas’ day. Sao Tome gained independence in 1975 whereas Principe grew to become autonomous in 1995.

42. SENEGAL | Capital: Dakar

Dakar information:

Inhabitants: 3,326,000
Space: 83 km²
Elevation: 21 m
Forex: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Language: French

Do you know: Senegal is the westernmost nation of the African continent. The African Renaissance Monument in Dakar, standing 160 ft tall on prime of a 100 metre hill, is the tallest statue in Africa. It was accomplished in 2010 to mark 50 years of independence.

African capitals and countries list

43. SEYCHELLES | Capital: Victoria

Victoria information:

Inhabitants: 98,462
Space: 20,1 km²
Elevation: 4 m
Forex: Seychellois rupee (SCR)
Language: Seychellois Creole, English, French

Do you know: Seychelles, occupying an space of solely 451 km² and with a inhabitants of lower than 100,000, is the smallest African nation.

44. SIERRA LEONE | Capital: Freetown

Freetown information:

Inhabitants: 1,272,145
Space: 81,48 km²
Elevation: 26 m
Forex: Sierra Leonean leone (SLL)
Language: English, Krio

Do you know: Sierra Leone was named Serra Lyoa (Lion Mountains) as a reference to the vary of hills that surrounds the harbour. The capital, Freetown, was based as a house for repatriated former slaves in 1787.

45. SOMALIA | Capital: Mogadishu

Mogadishu information:

Inhabitants: 2,497,463
Space: 637 km²
Elevation: 9 m
Forex: Somali shilling (SOS)
Language: Somali, Arabic

Do you know: The Republic of Somalia was shaped in 1960 by the federation of a former Italian colony and a British protectorate. Mohamed Siad Barre held dictatorial rule over the nation from October 1969 till January 1991, when he was overthrown in a bloody civil battle waged by clan-based guerrillas.

46. SOUTH AFRICA | Capital: Pretoria

Pretoria is the executive capital.
Cape City is the legislative capital.
Bloemfontein is the judicial capital.

Pretoria information:

Inhabitants: 2,739,768
Space: 687.54 km2 (265.46 sq mi)
Elevation: 1,340 m
Forex: South African Rand (ZAR)
Language: English, Afrikaans, isiZulu, isiXhosa, isiNdebele, Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Tsonga

Do you know: The identify South Africa is derived from this African nation’s geographic location on the southern tip of the continent. The primary fashionable people are believed to have inhabited South Africa greater than 100,000 years in the past.

47. SOUTH SUDAN | Capital: Juba

Juba information:

Inhabitants: 439,993
Space: 52 km²
Elevation: 550 m
Forex: South Sudanese pound (SSP)
Language: English

Do you know: South Sudan is the youngest nation on the earth. It grew to become the African Union’s fifty fifth member nation on July 9, 2011. Previous to 2011, South Sudan was a part of Sudan.

48. SUDAN | Capital: Khartoum

Khartoum information:

Inhabitants: 6,344,348
Space: 1 010 km²
Elevation: 382 m
Forex: Sudanese pound (SDG)
Language: Arabic, English

Do you know: Sudan was the most important nation in Africa previous to the secession of South Sudan in 2011. It’s now the third largest African nation, after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Africa capitals and countries list

A pair extra nations and their capitals in Africa under…

49. TANZANIA | Capital: Dodoma

Dodoma information:

Inhabitants: 180,541
Space: 2 576 km²
Elevation: 1,125 m
Forex: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Language: Swahili, English

Do you know: Mount Kilimanjaro, a dormant volcano positioned within the United Republic of Tanzania, is the best mountain in Africa and the best single free-standing mountain above sea stage on the earth with a peak of 5,895 metres.

50. TOGO | Capital: Lomé

Lomé information:

Inhabitants: 1,925,517
Space: 333 km²
Elevation: 63 m
Forex: West African CFA franc (XOF)
Language: French

Do you know: Togo, one of many smallest nations of Africa, was the center of slave commerce in Africa. It was positioned within the area of West Africa that was often called the “Slave Coast” due to what number of Africans had been taken from that area.

51. TUNISIA | Capital: Tunis

Tunis information:

Inhabitants: 2,439,404
Space: 212.63 km2 (82.10 sq mi)
Elevation: 4 m
Forex: The Tunisian dinar (TND)
Language: Arabic

Do you know: Cape Angela is the northernmost level of Africa. Tunisia was colonised by France in 1881 and have become a French protectorate in 1883. In 1956 the monarchy was abolished and independence was attained.

52. UGANDA | Capital: Kampala

Kampala information:

Inhabitants: 3,651,919
Space: 189 km²
Elevation: 1,190 m
Forex: Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Language: Swahili, English

Do you know: Uganda, populated by dozens of ethnic teams, has the world’s youngest inhabitants with over 78 p.c of its inhabitants under the age of 30. Uganda can also be residence to half of the world’s remaining mountain gorilla inhabitants. 

53. ZAMBIA | Capital: Lusaka

Lusaka information:

Inhabitants: 3,042,000
Space: 360 km2 (140 sq mi2)
Elevation: 1,280 m
Forex: Zambian kwacha (ZMW)
Language: English, Nyanja, Bemba

Do you know: Zambia was as soon as inhabited by the Khoisan and Batwa peoples till round AD 300, when migrating Bantu started to settle the areas. The territory was often called Northern Rhodesia from 1911 to 1964. It was renamed Zambia in October 1964 on its independence from British rule.

54. ZIMBABWE | Capital: Harare

Harare information:

Inhabitants: 1,578,128
Space: 960.6 km2 (371 mi2)
Elevation: 1,490 m
Forex: Zimbabwe greenback (ZWL)
Language: Shona, English, Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Kalanga, Tshwana, Nambya.

Do you know: Zimbabwe was the final of all of the African nations to realize independence from British colonial rule in 1980. Zimbabweans have a good time Independence Day on the 18th April.

African countries cities Nairobi

>> Be taught extra in regards to the nations on this:
World geography quiz

There you go. All 54 African nations and capital cities. A whole record of all of the capital cities of Africa.

When you’ve got another questions or want any more information about any of those Africa cities, make sure you let me know.